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Retrieving Parameters from a URL

Django Web Framework Tutorials

When building the web applications, it’s often necessary to pass data between pages or between the client and server. One common way to do this is by encoding parameters in the URL. For example, you may have seen URLs like this:

The parameters come after the “?” character in the URL, with each parameter name and value separated by an “=” sign.

In this post, I’ll go over different methods for retrieving these URL parameters in various languages and frameworks. Whether you’re trying to read query parameters on the server or client-side, understanding these techniques is crucial for building web apps.

Retrieving URL Parameters on the Server

However, most frameworks provide simple methods or variables for accessing the query string.


In PHP, the built-in $_GET variable contains all query string parameters. For example:

$param1 = $_GET['param1'];
$param2 = $_GET['param2'];

The parameter names can be accessed as keys in the $_GET array. This provides an easy way to retrieve parameter values.

Node.js Express

In Express, a popular Node.js framework, the req.query object contains the query parameters. For example:

const param1 = req.query.param1;
const param2 = req.query.param2;

Ruby on Rails

Ruby on Rails provides the params hash which includes GETparameters. So you can access them like:

param1 = params[:param1]
param2 = params[:param2]

The parameter names are keys in the `params` hash.

In ASP.NET, the `Request.QueryString` property contains the query string. It can be cast to a `NameValueCollection` to access parameters:

NameValueCollection query = Request.QueryString;
string param1 = query["param1"];
string param2 = query["param2"];

This retrieves the parameter values using the parameter names as keys.

## Retrieving URLParameters on the Client

On the client-side, URLparameters can be accessed via the browser’s JavaScript APIs.

The simplest way is using `new URL()` to parse the current URL and access the `searchParams` property.

For example:

let url = new URL(window.location);
let param1 = url.searchParams.get('param1');
let param2 = url.searchParams.get('param2');

This parses the current URL and allows retrieving parameter values by name.

Alternatively, you can access just the search string without parsing the full URL using ``:

let search =; // "?param1=value1&param2=value2"

Then you can use the library like [qs]( to parse the string:

let qs = require('qs');
let obj = qs.parse(;
let param1 = obj.param1;
let param2 = obj.param2;

The qs library provides a simple way to convert the search string into an object containing the parameters.

Best Practices for URL Parameters

When using URLparameters, keep in mind some best practices:

Following these tips will help avoid problems and ensure your application handles URL parameters properly.


Retrieving URLparameters is easy using built-in functions in most frameworks and languages. The key is knowing how to access the URL query string on the server and client.

By using the proper techniques shown here, you can easily obtain parameter values for use in your web applications. This allows passing data in a simple way while maintaining user-friendly URLs.

Understanding these core concepts unlocks the ability to build parameterized URLs that open up many possibilities for Django web apps. Parameters enable cool features like bookmarking pages, sharing specific views, and linking to resources. By mastering URL parameters, you gain a powerful tool for enhancing web applications.

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