How to Generate Slug URL in Django using Slugify

In the realm of web development, creating user-friendly URLs that are both descriptive and SEO-friendly is crucial. Django, a powerful web framework, provides a built-in feature called “slugs” that helps achieve this goal. In this comprehensive blog post, we’ll explore what Django slugs are, why they’re important, and how to effectively use them in your projects.

What is a Slugs in Django?

A slug is a short label or identifier used in URLs to represent a specific resource or object. It’s typically generated from the object’s title or name by removing special characters, spaces, and converting it to lowercase.

Why Are Slugs Important?

Slugs play a significant role in improving the usability and SEO optimization of your website. They make URLs more readable, descriptive, and memorable, which benefits both users and search engines.

How to create Slug URL in Django using Slugify

Creating Slugs in Django:

1. Using Django’s slugify() Function: Django provides a convenient function called slugify() which converts a string into a slug by replacing spaces and special characters with hyphens and converting it to lowercase.

2. Django-Slugify Library: The django-slugify library offers advanced slug generation options, allowing you to customize the behavior of slugs based on your project’s needs.

Using Slugs in Your Django Project:

1. Creating Slug Fields: In your models, you can use the SlugField to automatically generate slugs for objects. For example:

from django.db import models
from django.utils.text import slugify

class Article(models.Model):
    title = models.CharField(max_length=100)
    slug = models.SlugField(unique=True)

    def save(self, *args, **kwargs):
        if not self.slug:
            self.slug = slugify(self.title)
        super().save(*args, **kwargs)

2. Create Detail View for Slug: Here’s an example of the ArticleDetailView implementation in Django that will create slugs automatically:

from django.shortcuts import get_object_or_404
from django.views.generic import DetailView
from .models import Article

class ArticleDetailView(DetailView):
    model = Article
    template_name = 'article_detail.html'
    context_object_name = 'article'
    slug_field = 'slug'
    slug_url_kwarg = 'slug'

    def get_object(self, queryset=None):
        slug = self.kwargs.get(self.slug_url_kwarg)
        queryset = queryset or self.get_queryset()
        return get_object_or_404(queryset, **{self.slug_field: slug})

3. Utilizing Slugs in URLs: In your URL configurations, you can incorporate slugs to create user-friendly URLs:

from django.urls import path
from .views import ArticleDetailView

urlpatterns = [
    path('articles/<slug:slug>/', ArticleDetailView.as_view(), name='article-detail'),

Best Practices and Considerations:

1. Unique Slugs: Ensure that each slug is unique within its context to avoid conflicts and ensure accurate routing.

2. Handling Changes: Implement a mechanism to handle changes in titles or names that could affect slugs, such as updating slugs when titles are modified.

3. SEO Considerations: Craft meaningful and relevant slugs that contribute to your website’s search engine optimization efforts.


Django slugs offer a valuable way to enhance the user experience and SEO performance of your web applications. By understanding their significance and incorporating them effectively into your project, you’re poised to create elegant, readable, and optimized URLs that contribute to a seamless browsing experience for your users while positively impacting your website’s search engine ranking.

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