In Django Rest Framework, versioning an API allows you to make changes to your API without breaking the existing clients who are already consuming your API. This is accomplished by providing a way to distinguish between different versions of your API and allowing clients to specify which version they want to use.
There are several ways to implement versioning in Django Rest Framework. One common approach is to include the version number in the URL of the API. For example, if you have an API for managing books, you could have two versions of the API, version 1 and version 2. The URLs for the two versions could look like this:
/api/v1/books/for version 1 of the API
/api/v2/books/for version 2 of the API
To implement versioning in your Django Rest Framework project, you can use the
URLPathVersioning class. Here’s an example:
from rest_framework.versioning import URLPathVersioning class BookAPIView(APIView): versioning_class = URLPathVersioning def get(self, request, format=None): # your code here
This tells Django Rest Framework to use URL path versioning for this API view. You can also use other versioning classes, such as
HeaderVersioning, depending on your needs.
Once you have implemented versioning in your API, clients can specify which version of the API they want to use by including the version number in the URL. For example, a client that wants to use version 2 of the API would make requests to the URL
/api/v2/books/. If you make changes to version 2 of the API, clients who are still using version 1 will not be affected. They will continue to use version 1 until they choose to switch to version 2.
A Small project on Versioning API in Django
Sure, here’s an example in Django Rest Framework that implements versioning in the API using URLPathVersioning:
First, let’s create a Django project:
$ django-admin startproject api_project
Next, let’s create a Django app for our API:
$ cd api_project $ python manage.py startapp books
books app, let’s create a simple model for a book:
from django.db import models class Book(models.Model): title = models.CharField(max_length=100) author = models.CharField(max_length=100) published_date = models.DateField()
Next, let’s create a serializer for the book model:
from rest_framework import serializers from .models import Book class BookSerializer(serializers.ModelSerializer): class Meta: model = Book fields = '__all__'
Now, let’s create a view for the API that returns a list of all the books:
from rest_framework.views import APIView from rest_framework.response import Response from rest_framework.versioning import URLPathVersioning from .models import Book from .serializers import BookSerializer class BookAPIView(APIView): versioning_class = URLPathVersioning def get(self, request, format=None): books = Book.objects.all() serializer = BookSerializer(books, many=True) return Response(serializer.data)
Finally, let’s create a URL pattern for the API:
from django.urls import path from .views import BookAPIView urlpatterns = [ path('api/v1/books/', BookAPIView.as_view(), name='book_api'), ]
Now, we have version 1 of the API, and clients can make requests to the URL
/api/v1/books/ to get a list of all the books.
If we need to make changes to the API, we can create version 2 of the API by adding a new URL pattern:
from django.urls import path from .views import BookAPIView urlpatterns = [ path('api/v1/books/', BookAPIView.as_view(), name='book_api_v1'), path('api/v2/books/', BookAPIView.as_view(), name='book_api_v2'), ]
Clients who are still using version 1 of the API can continue to make requests to
/api/v1/books/, while clients who want to use version 2 of the API can make requests to
That’s it! This is a simple example of how to implement versioning in an API in Django Rest Framework using URLPathVersioning.