ScopedRateThrottle in Django Rest Framework: Granular Rate Request Limiting

Rate limiting is a crucial aspect of maintaining API performance and preventing abuse. In Django Rest Framework (DRF), the ScopedRateThrottle provides a powerful solution for implementing granular rate limits tailored to specific views or groups of views. In this blog, we’ll delve into the concept of ScopedRateThrottle, explore its benefits, and walk through a practical example to help you master its implementation.

Built-in Throttling Classes in DRF:

DRF offers several built-in throttling classes that you can use based on your requirements:

  1. AnonRateThrottle: Limits requests for unauthenticated (anonymous) clients.
  2. UserRateThrottle: Sets rate limits based on the authenticated user making the requests.
  3. ScopedRateThrottle: Allows you to define rate limits for specific views or groups of views.

Learn more about AnonRateThrottle, UserRateThrottle, Custom Throttling and see how to implement it.

Understanding ScopedRateThrottle

ScopedRateThrottle is a flexible throttling class within DRF that enables you to define rate limits for specific views or groups of views. This allows you to fine-tune rate limiting based on your application’s needs and user behaviors.

A Step-by-Step Guide with Example

Let’s explore the step-by-step process of implementing ScopedRateThrottle in a DRF project.

Step 1: Configuration in Settings

In your file, configure ScopedRateThrottle as one of the throttling classes:

        'custom_scope': '100/day',  # Allow 100 requests per day for a custom scope
        # Add more scope-rate pairs as needed

Step 2: Applying Throttling to Views

Create a view that you want to protect using ScopedRateThrottle:

from rest_framework.views import APIView
from rest_framework.response import Response

class ScopedView(APIView):
    throttle_scope = 'custom_scope'  # Use the same scope defined in settings

    def get(self, request):
        data = {'message': 'This is a scoped view with rate limiting.'}
        return Response(data)

By configuring the throttling class and rates in settings, any view utilizing the ScopedView class will automatically undergo throttling based on the specified scope.


ScopedRateThrottle in Django Rest Framework empowers you with fine-grained control over rate limiting, allowing you to apply specific limits to different parts of your API. This flexibility enhances security, prevents abuse, and optimizes server resources.

By implementing ScopedRateThrottle, you strike the perfect balance between accessibility and protection. It’s an essential tool for maintaining a stable and responsive API ecosystem, catering to diverse user needs and behaviors.

Blogs You Might Like to Read!