Django REST Framework Tutorial – Register Login Logout API

In this tutorial, you will learn how to create User Registration, Login and Logout System using Django Rest Framework. For this tutorial we will use Django Rest Knox Library for Token Based Authentication System for Rest Framework. Knox provides easy to use authentication for Django REST Framework. Knox authentication is token based, similar to the TokenAuthentication built in to DRF.

Django Rest Framework Login Logout Authentication

Django Rest Framework Project Setup

We will install following libraries for django, django rest framework and django rest knox.

pip install djangorestframework
pip install django-rest-knox

After installing the above library. Add rest_framework and knox to your INSTALLED_APPS, remove rest_framework.authtoken if you were using it.

INSTALLED_APPS = [
    ...
    'rest_framework',
    'knox',
]

Make knox’s TokenAuthentication your default authentification class for django-rest-framework, in settings.py file:

REST_FRAMEWORK = {
    'DEFAULT_AUTHENTICATION_CLASSES': [
        # 'rest_framework.authentication.BasicAuthentication',
        # 'rest_framework.authentication.SessionAuthentication',
        'knox.auth.TokenAuthentication',
    ]
}

Note – The above REST_FRAMEWORK allows both session based and token based authentication.

User Registration API using Django Rest Framework

Now we will User Registration API Using Django Rest Framework. We will create Register Serializer for User Register API.

Create a file in your app named serializers.py and add the bellow code –

from rest_framework import serializers
from django.contrib.auth.models import User

# User Serializer
class UserSerializer(serializers.ModelSerializer):
    class Meta:
        model = User
        fields = ('id', 'username', 'email')

# Register Serializer
class RegisterSerializer(serializers.ModelSerializer):
    class Meta:
        model = User
        fields = ('id', 'username', 'email', 'password')
        extra_kwargs = {'password': {'write_only': True}}

    def create(self, validated_data):
        user = User.objects.create_user(validated_data['username'], validated_data['email'], validated_data['password'])

        return user

After creating serializer, we need to create DRF APIView.

In views.py file, add the following code –

from rest_framework import generics, permissions
from rest_framework.response import Response
from knox.models import AuthToken
from .serializers import UserSerializer, RegisterSerializer

# Register API
class RegisterAPI(generics.GenericAPIView):
    serializer_class = RegisterSerializer

    def post(self, request, *args, **kwargs):
        serializer = self.get_serializer(data=request.data)
        serializer.is_valid(raise_exception=True)
        user = serializer.save()
        return Response({
        "user": UserSerializer(user, context=self.get_serializer_context()).data,
        "token": AuthToken.objects.create(user)[1]
        })

In urls.py file add following path –

from .views import RegisterAPI
from django.urls import path

urlpatterns = [
    path('api/register/', RegisterAPI.as_view(), name='register'),
]

That’s it. Now go to url ( http://localhost:8000/api/register/ ) in your browser or post and the following in content.

{
    "username": "admin",
    "email": "[email protected]",
    "password": "[email protected]"
}

And in response, you will get similar data –

{
    "user": {
        "id": 2,
        "username": "admin1",
        "email": "[email protected]"
    },
    "token": "790e890d571753148bbc9c4447f106e74ecf4d1404f080245f3e259703d58b09"
}

Login Logout API Authentication using Django Rest Framework

Knox provides one class to handle authentication. We will use KnoxLoginView to create login logout system.

We have already create a app with name accounts. Inside this app we will create our LoginView.

In accounts/views.py file, add following code –

from django.contrib.auth import login

from rest_framework import permissions
from rest_framework.authtoken.serializers import AuthTokenSerializer
from knox.views import LoginView as KnoxLoginView

class LoginAPI(KnoxLoginView):
    permission_classes = (permissions.AllowAny,)

    def post(self, request, format=None):
        serializer = AuthTokenSerializer(data=request.data)
        serializer.is_valid(raise_exception=True)
        user = serializer.validated_data['user']
        login(request, user)
        return super(LoginAPI, self).post(request, format=None)

Note login(request, user) line in above code, will also create session based authentication with token based authentication.

And in accounts/urls.py file

from knox import views as knox_views
from .views import LoginAPI
from django.urls import path

urlpatterns = [
    path('api/login/', LoginAPI.as_view(), name='login'),
    path('api/logout/', knox_views.LogoutView.as_view(), name='logout'),
    path('api/logoutall/', knox_views.LogoutAllView.as_view(), name='logoutall'),
]

That’s it. Now go to url ( http://localhost:8000/api/login/ ) in your browser or post and the following in content.

{
    "username": "admin",
    "password": "[email protected]"
}

It will return in response like this –

{
    "expiry": "2020-06-29T02:56:44.924698Z",
    "token": "99a27b2ebe718a2f0db6224e55b622a59ccdae9cf66861c60979a25ffb4f133e"
}

In this tutorial you learnt to create authentication system like user registration, login and logout system using Django Rest Framework. This tutorial explain Session Based Authentication and Token Based Authentication in the Django REST Framework.

Find this tutorial on GitHub – https://github.com/studygyaan/django-rest-framework-tutorial

2 Comments

Rocky

how to get the default user details (username, email, first_name, last_name) along with token (in created login API) via Django Rest framework?

Reply
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